However, the risk of losing the airway is high, and hemodynamic side effects sometimes occur [ 57 ]. The lateral orbital margin is formed by the frontal process of the zygoma, the zygomatic process of the frontal bone and the greater wing of the sphenoid bone. The Video Laryngoscope The video laryngoscope, such as GlideScope video laryngoscope, enables an indirect view of the epiglottis and the vocal cords [ 37 ]. Join the discussion on the forums. Table 1 Associated injuries of 67 patients. Did you find this information useful?
If preoxygenation is not possible then ventilation is to be pursued at that time by the caretakers, according to their capability and equipment. Due to assaults and alcohol-associated injuries, a second injury peak could be observed between The final option is the surgical one: Edited by head and neck trauma expert Dr. This study found that:. Three maxillary fractures were recorded in our study.
Treatment Treatment of maxillofacial trauma varies according to the type and extent of the injury. The cases with extensive displacement, associated fractures of mid-face, open reduction and fixation are indicated. Large cuts may require sutures and should be done by a maxillofacial surgeon for a good cosmetic result, particularly when the laceration is on the edge of the lip line vermilion. Fractures have been treated by a series of methods including close reductions, internal fixation, and circum-mandibular wiring. Adithya V Naragund Dr.
A years-old patient who was hit by a pipe through the car windscreen. The conservative management of facial fractures: Archived from the original on Complications from submental endotracheal intubation do occur and include bleeding, damage to the lingual nerve, and the marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve, damage to the duct of the submandibular gland, damage to the sublingual gland, salivary fistulae, and skin infections [ 64 , 65 ]. However, several studies indicate that direct laryngoscopy and intubation are unlikely to cause clinically significant neck movements.